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Cordoba, the precious treasure of Spanish Andalusia and once the most important city in Europe! If you’re searching for cheap air tickets to Cordoba, then you will probably already know that you are about to discover the capital of Islamic Spain, the silent driving force of Europe for three whole centuries. Cordoba never misses to remind us of its great history and heritage, through a series of impressive, one-of-a-kind sights. At the same time, Cordoba is also a vibrant modern city, fulfilling every expectation one could have of a European travel destination. Book your accommodation in some of Cordoba’s cheap hotels, pack your most comfortable shoes and head out to explore the Old Town, get lost somewhere around La Mezquita, enjoy excellent museums and historic monuments and locations; when you’ve taken in all of Cordoba’s amazing heritage and culture, it’s time for you to discover the modern side of the city, experience the astonishing nightlife and feel the Andalusian spirit around you!
Situated in Southern Spain, Cordoba is the capital of the autonomous Spanish community of Andalusia. Stretching across the banks of River Guadalquivir and reaching the Sierra Morena mountain range, Cordoba boasts a long and striking history.
Gaining the status of the capital of the Caliphate of Córdoba in 766, Cordoba’s next three centuries can only be described as golden, with highlights being the 10th and 11th centuries, when Cordoba ranked among the most developed cultural, political and financial hubs in Europe.
Visiting Cordoba, you can still see a great wealth of historical monuments, designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites, dating back to the glorious past of Islamic Spain.
From 1031 and on, the city came to a decline in population and power, a situation that worsened after 1236, when the Guadalquivir Valley was conquered by the King of Castile.
Modern Cordoba, with a population of around 300,000, is still an interesting travel destination with exciting sights, idyllic spots, beautiful scenery and a special charm that never fails to captivate visitors.
Definitely a must-see side of Spain!
The airport of Cordoba (Aeropuerto de Córdoba) is located 10 kilometres away from the city centre and is accessible by airport shuttle (Route 0-2). Single fares cost 1.15€ and buses leave the airport every 30 minutes.
Getting around Cordoba
You can get around Cordoba using the city’s extensive bus and railway networks. Fares start from 1.00€ and minimum taxi fare costs around 4.00€.
The heart of modern Cordoba beats around the central square of the city, Plaza de las Tendillas. Within this area, you can find most of Cordoba’s shops, as well the main railway and bus stations of the city.
The main point of interest here, apart from your shopping choices, is the Palacio de Viana, a beautiful Renaissance palace featuring 12 elegant gardens. Well worthy of your time, this is truly a marvellous site, boasting some great artistic treasures and antiques all over the palace and gardens.
Continue to the Old Town of Cordoba, where you can enjoy the city’s most notable landmarks. The medieval core of Cordoba, stretching north of River Guadalquivir, is a charming labyrinth of cobbled streets circling the Grand Mosque of La Mezquita, lined with quaint cafes, stylish bars and restaurants.
The Great Mosque of La Mezquita is, beyond a doubt, the grandest, most historic monument in Cordoba. Its construction began in 786 and when the city was conquered by the King of Castile, in 1236, two more chapels were added. During the 16th century, King Charles V converted the mosque into a Roman Catholic Church dedicated to Our Lady of the Assumption. Featuring vivid colours and extravagant icons, the style of the cathedral came in stark contrast to the former simplicity of the Islamic Mosque.
Northwest of the Mezquita, the area is known as the Jewish Quarter (Judería). It’s interesting to know that the Jewish Community were a large and quite dynamic part of Islamic Cordoba’s population. Highlight of the district is the Synagogue (Sinagoga); dating back to the 14th century, this is one of the three surviving medieval synagogues of Spain and the only one in Andalusia.
Don’t miss the opportunity to visit Cordoba’s Castle, the Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos. Holding an idyllic location among wide alleys, gardens and observation platforms that command outstanding views, this is the castle where King Fernando and Queen Isabel welcomed Christopher Columbus and listened for the first time about his travel plans.
The focal point of the Old Town of Cordoba is none other than the Plaza de la Corredera. Once a Roman amphitheatre hosting bull fights, horse races and Inquisition torturing, the square now is surrounded by a major residential and lively area, full of cafeterias, pubs and various shops and boutiques.
Nearby, notice the arched Roman Bridge (Puente Romano) spanning River Guadalquivir, once the only passage to the fortified city.
The official language of Cordoba is Andalusian Spanish.