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Legendary Hippocrates, the knights and the castles.. Kos is the third largest and one of the most magical islands of the Dodecanese! More and more travellers now search for cheap air tickets to Kos, each seeking something different; to enjoy the island’s enormous wealth of beaches and enjoy the incomparable view, to relax and get in touch with nature or to have pure fun. All of them, though, are stunned by the archaeological majesty of Kos, evident throughout the island. Ancient Greek, Roman, Hellenistic and medieval sites reflect the diverse history of Kos, leaving no one uninterested. Book your flights and cheap accommodation in Kos and get the most of it – you will never forget it!
Kos is the third largest island in the Dodecanese and its history has a lot in common with neighbouring Rhodes. Holding a strategic location at the crossroads between the east and the west, Kos has traditionally been an important trade hub. Constantly besieged by the Ottomans, Kos was one of the islands of the Knights of Saint John during the 14th century; castles, fortifications and related evidence of their rule is to be found everywhere in the island.
Kos Town is a great archaeological park, with ancient Greek and Roman monuments, ruins of ancient markets, temples and churches.
Kos is the legendary birthplace of Hippocrates, the father of western medicine!
However, when travelling to Kos, you should also dig into the other beauties and opportunities the island has to offer. A collection of incredible places, villages, beaches and scenery is accompanied by quality choices in hiking, water sports, dining and nightlife, especially during the summer months.
The trip to Kos is an experience to remember!
The airport of Kos (Κρατικός Αερολιμένας Κω "Ιπποκράτης") is located in the village of Antimachia, 27 kilometres south of Kos town and is accessible by bus.
You can get around Kos using the island’s extensive bus network. Bus and taxi fares vary, depending on the route.
Begin your day in Kos at Kos Town and the Asclepieion, the most notable site and landmark of Kos Island. The Asclepieion was a healing temple dedicated to Asclepius, god of Medicine. Founded by Hippocrates, the father of Western Medicine, it included, apart from the temple to Asclepius, the first medical school in the history of humanity. Contrary to other such places in the world that focused mainly on the “divine healing”, the Asclepieion of Kos followed the practices of Hippocrates, teaching to doctors and scientists for even 1,000 years after his death.
Within short distance, the Archaeological Museum of Kos is a small but exciting museum, located in the central square of Kos Town. Founded in 1930 during the Italian occupation, the museum owns collections of notable Hellenistic and Roman sculptures, mosaics and archaeological items retrieved from excavations across the island, spanning a period of time from the ancient to the post-Roman eras.
Take a walk across the iconic Palm Tree Avenue and a bridge will lead you to the promontory of the Castle of Neratzia.
One of the most emblematic attractions of Kos, the Castle of Neratzia or Castle of the Knights was built in the 14th century by the Knights of Saint John, to provide protection from the Ottomans. Glorious and impregnable, the castle served its purpose well but was badly damaged by an earthquake in 1495; it was restored during the 16th century.
South of the castle, the Ancient Agora (Market) was accidentally brought to the surface, after 1933’s earthquake. Dating back to the 3rd century BC, the Ancient Agora of Kos comprised the ancient city centre of Kos Town and included temples, shrines and an imposing columned stoa, the ruins of which you can still see today.
The legendary “Tree of Hippocrates” is an enormous plane tree that dominates the Platanou Square and is said to have been the teaching place of Hippocrates! With a diameter of 12 metres, it is considered to be one of Europe’s oldest plane trees.
Continue to Casa Romana, a renovated Roman house that dates back to the 4th century BC. Lavishly decorated with elaborate mosaics, columns and fountains and featuring 37 rooms, Casa Romana is one of Kos’s most striking Roman monuments, surrounded by an archaeological park with Roman and Greek temples.
The villages of Kos shouldn’t be overlooked; when you’ve finished exploring Kos Town, head to Antimachia to see the Castle, picturesque Zia on a beautiful hilltop, Therma and its thermal springs and Kefalos, at the westernmost point of Kos.
Kos boasts a fine selection of beaches. Highlights include the beaches of Tigaki, Alykes, Marmari and Mastichari to the north, Kefalos, Kardamaina, Agios Stefanos, Agios Theologos and Kochylari to the south.
The official language of Kos is Greek.